Marines assault Taliban town in Afghanistan
DAHANEH, Afghanistan – Helicopter-borne U.S. Marines backed by Harrier jets stormed a Taliban-held town in southern Afghanistan before dawn Wednesday, the launch of a new operation to uproot Taliban fighters from a longtime base and provide security for next week’s presidential election.
The troops exchanged heavy fire with insurgents, killing at least seven in an offensive they hoped would also cut Taliban supply lines and isolate their fighters.
Associated Press journalists traveling with the first wave said militants fired small arms, mortars and rocket-propelled grenades after helicopters dropped the troops over Taliban lines. Fighting lasted more than eight hours, as Harrier jets streaked overhead and dropped flares in a show of force.
The Taliban put up such fierce resistance that Marines said they suspected the militants knew the assault was coming.
Other Marines met heavy resistance as they fought to seize control of the mountains surrounding Dahaneh in the southern province of Helmand. Another convoy of Marines rolled into the town despite roadside bomb attacks and gunfire.
It was the first time NATO troops had entered Dahaneh, which has been under Taliban control for years.
U.S., NATO and Afghan troops are working to protect voting sites around the country so Afghans can take part in the country’s second-ever direct presidential election on Aug. 20. Taliban militants have vowed to disrupt the elections, and attacks are on the rise.
At the Pentagon, spokesman Bryan Whitman said the operation was “going as planned.”
“They are engaged in a fight. They are meeting some resistance,” he said. He would not say how long the current offensive will last.
Marines said they killed between seven and 10 militants in Wednesday’s push and seized about 66 pounds (30 kilograms) of opium, which the militants use to finance their insurgency. Troops hope to restore control of the town so that residents can vote in the election.
The new offensive, named “Eastern Resolve 2,” is designed to break the monthslong stalemate in this southern valley where the Taliban are solidly entrenched. By occupying Dahaneh, the Marines hope to isolate insurgents in woods and mountains, away from civilian centers. “I think this has the potential to be a watershed,” said Capt. Zachary Martin, commander of Golf Company, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marines, who led the assault.
The goal is to cut off the Taliban from a major rear base, and reclaim the area’s market district. It is hoped this would have a ripple effect through nearby villages, making civilians more willing to cooperate with NATO forces. The Taliban levy taxes and maintain checkpoints in Dahaneh, which serves as a main trading route through northern Helmand, which produces 60 percent of the world’s opium.
“In the long term, it could have tremendous effects for the entire province,” said Martin, whose company is based in Naw Zad, five miles (10 kilometers) to the north.
A combined force of approximately 400 U.S. forces and about 100 Afghan army soldiers took part in the attack, which included helicopters, snipers, and female Marines brought in to interact with Afghan women during the compound-by-compound search conducted by Afghan forces who accompanied the Americans.
The Marines arrived in helicopters under cover of darkness, but at morning light, militants unleashed their weapons.
Marines cried out “Incoming!” as the whistles of Taliban rockets approached. A heavy rocket targeted a Marine outpost, but flew over the small base, while a mortar round landed just 20 yards (meters) from a Humvee on the town’s outskirts.
“Just a few meters further and I’d be dead,” said Corp. Joshua Jackson, 23, from Copley, Ohio, after one round landed nearby.
Progress into the town was slowed by a heavy machine gun the Taliban had in one of the streets. Militants also brought in a truck to fire heavy missiles. Marines said the Taliban’s reputation for firing poorly aimed shots and fleeing had not proved true here.
“This is a Taliban home down here, so for once they’re not running,” said Lance Corp. Garett Davidson, 24, of West Desmorins, Iowa.
Fighting was made harder for the Marines by the fact insurgents were shooting from house rooftops and courtyards, potentially putting civilians in danger. But civilians — perhaps 100 — were seen fleeing on foot in the early morning, leaving the Marines confident that those left in the town were militants.
Martin said the Marines would strictly limit the type of weapons they used and would stick to a “proportional response” when under fire to limit civilian casualties.
After militants fired volleys of rockets from a mud-wall compound, the Marines called in a missile strike, and Capt. Zachary Martin said seven to 10 militants inside were killed. No civilians were inside, he said.
“We were tracking these individuals, they were there … and then boom, and they weren’t there,” Martin said.