<!--:es-->Washington vibró con ceremonia inaugural de Obama
…El Presidente Barack Obama celebró el inicio de su mandato con el tradicional juramento al pie del Capitolio, ante centenares de miles de personas en un soleado pero frío día.<!--:-->

Washington vibró con ceremonia inaugural de Obama …El Presidente Barack Obama celebró el inicio de su mandato con el tradicional juramento al pie del Capitolio, ante centenares de miles de personas en un soleado pero frío día.

Barack Obama sworn in for second term ...Do Americans agree with Obama on climate change and immigration?

President Barack Obama delivered a full-throated defense of the nation’s safety net programs and vowed to tackle the problem of climate change and gay rights in his second inaugural address Monday afternoon.
«We reject that Americans must choose between caring for the generation that built this country and investing in the generation that will build its future,» Obama told the crowd of hundreds of thousands of spectators who descended on the National Mall Monday morning. «The commitments we make to each other–through Medicare, and Medicaid and Social Security–these things do not sap our initiative; they strengthen us. They do not make us a nation of takers; they free us to take the risks that make this country great.»
The president also warned in the 2,000 word speech that the country cannot succeed if a «shrinking few» succeed economically while the middle class suffers.
The festivities are more muted than four years ago, when nearly two million people showed up.
Chief Justice John Roberts administered the oath to Obama shortly before noon in front of a cheering, American flag-waving crowd from the steps of the Capitol.
In her invocation, civil rights activist and journalist Myrlie Evers-Williams prayed for strength for the nation to face the challenges ahead. A former chairperson of the NAACP and the widow of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, she said, «One hundred and fifty years after the emancipation proclamation and 50 years after the March on Washington, we celebrate the spirit of our ancestors.»
Despite deep partisan divides in Washington, Republican lawmakers publicly crossed party lines to congratulate the president on Inauguration Day. Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) released the following statement Monday: “Every four years on Inauguration Day, America shows the world that our major political parties can disagree with civility and mutual respect. It is in this spirit that I congratulate President Obama on his inauguration to a second term and wish him well in the fulfillment of his duty to lead the U.S. at home and abroad over the next four years.»
The First Family will attend a luncheon, before the inaugural parade starts around 3 p.m.
Compared to President Obama’s first inauguration in 2009, finding a spot on the National Mall to watch the ceremony this year was a breeze. Down on the Mall, inaugural staffers passed out free tiny American flags, while others waved their own version of the Stars and Stripes overlaid with the president’s face. Despite an estimated crowd of as many as 700,000 people for the day’s festivities, there was plenty of room for people to stand on the grass. Families with small children had little problem sprawling out on blankets as others carefully tiptoed around them.
On Jumbotron screens placed throughout the Mall, inaugural attendees watched dignitaries, celebrities and lawmakers file to their seats. With each camera shot of Obama and his vice president, Joseph Biden, the members of the crowd lifted up their flags and cheered.
Earlier on Monday, the First Family emerged from an 8:45 a.m. service at St. John’s Episcopal Church. Obama took time to tweet during church. «I’m honored and grateful that we have a chance to finish what we started. Our work begins today. Let’s go. -bo,» he wrote. During the service, Bishop Vacti Mckenzie blessed Obama and Vice President Joe Biden while they stood in the front row with their heads bowed.
The president shared a laugh with his daughters upon his return to the White House Monday morning. Malia ran up to his limousine and shouted «Boo!» at her father. «You scared me!» he joked as the Obamas entered the White House.
Michelle Obama is wearing a navy dress and coat by the American designer Thom Browne and accessories by J.Crew. The outfit will be donated to the National Archives after the inauguration. Malia Obama is wearing a purple J.Crew outfit, while her sister Sasha, also in purple, is dressed in Kate Spade.
Early on Monday, it seemed the District had drawn nowhere near the number of guests that descended upon the city in 2009. Streets near the White House were busy at 6 a.m., but very walkable despite the large number of closed-off roads and pedestrian-prohibited pathways. In 2009, an estimated 1.8 million people showed up to watch the nation’s first black president take the oath of office.
Inside Statutory Hall in the U.S. Capitol, florists put the finishing touches on the room where Obama will dine with members of Congress after the ceremony. Tables were set with coral flower centerpieces and adorned with fine silver and glassware. Walking from table to table, a decorator and her assistant made sure not a single piece of silverware, dish or chair was even a millimeter out of place.
Behind the head table, where the president and the First Lady will dine, stood the lectern, in the shape of a golden eagle, from which Obama will speak later that day.

Do Americans agree with Obama on climate change and immigration?

Washington – Saying «we will respond to the threat of climate change,» President Barack Obama used his second inaugural address to put the divisive issue back on the front burner. But according to a new national survey, Americans are divided over whether global warming is a man made phenomenon.
The president also used his speech to highlight the controversial issue of illegal immigration, and a survey released also indicates that a bare majority of the public says the main focus of the federal government should be on developing a plan that would allow undocumented immigrants to become legal residents, rather than deporting them.
The president warned in his Monday address that failure to respond to climate change «would betray our children and future generations. Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.»
According to the poll, which was conducted last week, 49% agree with the White House that global warming is a proven fact and is due to emissions from cars, power plants and factories. That’s twice as high as the number who say that global warming has not been proven, as well as the 24% who say that it is a proven fact but is not due to manmade sources. But the 49% figure is down seven points from 2007.
There’s an expected partisan divide on the question, with two-thirds of Democrats saying global warming is man made. That number drops to 48% among independent voters and is at 28% among Republicans.
The president tried and failed in his first term to get a climate change bill through Congress. The president also came up empty during his first four years in the White House in trying to pass comprehensive illegal immigration reform though Congress.
But Obama has put the issue on his to-do list this year, and in his inaugural address he said «our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.»
By a 53%-43% margin, people questioned in the poll say that main focus of the federal government should be on developing a plan that would allow undocumented immigrants to become legal residents, rather than deporting them.
That’s a switch from 2011, when by a 55%-42% margin, Americans said that deporting undocumented residents and stopping more of them from coming into the country should be the main focus of U.S policy on illegal immigration.
As expected, the poll indicates a partisan divide on the issue, as well as a generational divide, with younger people saying allowing undocumented immigrants to become legal should be the top priority, and a slight plurality of those 50 and older saying the emphasis should be on deportation and border security.
One of the president’s biggest domestic accomplishments in his first term was passing a sweeping health care bill through Congress in 2010. In his inauguration address, Obama acknowledged that there is still much work ahead on this issue, saying «we must make the hard choices to reduce the cost of health care.»
According to the poll, 51% favor all or most of the provisions in the Affordable Care Act, the official name of what many people refer to as «Obamacare,» with 44% opposed to all or most of the provisions in the law.
«That’s a switch from 2011, when a poll indicated that a majority opposed all or most of the provisions in the health care bill.»
Minutes after his inauguration speech, the president signed documents making official his nominations for some top Cabinet posts, including former Sen. Chuck Hagel as defense secretary. The Nebraska Republican’s nomination has been met with reservations, and even outright opposition, by some senators of both parties, who point to past positions he has taken on Israel, Iran and the war in Iraq.
According to the poll, 48% think the Senate should confirm Hagel.
«That’s twice as high as the number who oppose his confirmation, but with three in ten uncertain of how they feel about the issue, the White House might breathe a little easier if support for Hagel were just over 50% rather than just under that mark,» adds Holland.
The poll was conducted on Jan. 14-15, with 814 adults nationwide questioned by telephone. The survey’s overall sampling error is plus or minus 3.5 percentage points.